Carrie Oser

  • Associate Professor of Sociology
  • Co-Director of the Health, Society, & Population (HSP) Program
  • Health, Society and Populations
  • Sociology
1531 Patterson Office Tower
Research Interests:

Ph.D., University of Georgia


Carrie Oser received a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Georgia in 2004 and is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology with an appointment in the Center on Drug and Alcohol Research ( and the College of Medicine’s Department of Behavioral Science at the University of Kentucky. She is the Co-Director of the Health, Society, & Populations Program, a newly established major tailored to provide undergraduate students with a greater understanding of the social and structural determinants of health and illness.

Dr. Oser has severed as a mentor to numerous graduate students, post-doctoral candidates, and junior faculty members, several of which have been supported on NIH fellowships. She has published over 65 articles in peer-reviewed journals such as Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Crime and Delinquency, American Journal of Public Health, and AIDS Care.  Dr. Oser’s research interests include health services, health disparities, HIV risk behaviors/interventions, corrections, social networks, implementation science, as well as substance abuse among rural, minority, and/or criminal justice populations.


Dr. Oser is the PI on a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supported R01 project designed to understand how drug use and criminality are related to health disparities, particularly HIV, and service utilization among African American drug using and non-drug using women across criminal justice status (i.e., prison, probation, and non-offenders in the community).  She is also PI on a NIDA K02 mid-career development award, which is examining crime, HIV, and health disparities among special populations from a social network framework. 

In addition, Dr. Oser is a Co-PI on two other NIDA supported projects. JJ-TRIALS ( is a research collaborative in which seven research centers are developing and testing implementation strategies and associated measures to improve the continuum of substance abuse and HIV prevention and treatment services delivered to youth under juvenile justice supervision. WISH, an R01 study, is examining the effectiveness of a screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) intervention in reducing HIV risk behaviors among rural women in jail. 

Dr. Oser has also recently done research regarding substance abuse counselors, which one can find here:

Selected Publications: 

Oser, C., Pullen, E., Biebel, E., & Harp, K. (2013) Causes, Consequences, and Prevention of Burnout Among Substance Abuse Treatment Counselors: A Rural Versus Urban Comparison. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 45(1), 17-27.

Perry, B., Harp, K., & Oser, C. (2013). Gendered racism, social stressors, and the mental health and well-being of African American women. Sociological Perspectives, 56(1), 25-48. 

Havens, J., Lofwall, M., Frost, S., Oser, C., Crosby, R., & Leukefeld, C.  (2013).  Factors associated with prevalent Hepatitis C infection among rural Appalachian injection drug users.  American Journal of Public Health, 103(1), 44-52.

Oser, C., Harp, K., O’Connell, D., Martin, S., & Leukefeld, C.  (2012). Correlates of participation in self-help groups as well as voluntary and mandated substance abuse treatment among rural and urban probationers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(1), 95-101.

Oser, C., Leukefeld, C., Staton-Tindall, M., Duvall, J., Garrity, T., Stoops, W., Falck, R., Wang, J., Carlson, R., Sexton, R., Wright, P., & Booth, B.  (2011).  Criminality among rural stimulant users in the United States.  Crime and Delinquency, 57(4), 600-621. doi:10.1177/0011128708325048.  Also, featured in Sage’s Crimspace:

Havens, J., Oser, C., Knudsen, H., Lofwall, M., Stoops, W., Walsh, S., Leukefeld, C. , & Kral, A. (2011).  Individual and network factors associated with non-fatal overdose among rural Appalachian drug users.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 115(1-2), 107-112.

Oser, C., Biebel, E., Pullen, E., & Harp, K.  (2011). The influence of rural and urban substance abuse treatment counselor characteristics on client outcomes.  Journal of Social Service Research, 11(1), 1-13.

Havens, J., Oser, C., & Leukefeld, C.  (2011).  Injection risk behaviors among rural drug users: implications for HIV prevention. AIDS Care, 23(5), 638-645.

Oser, C., Biebel, E., Harris, M., Klein, E., & Leukefeld, C.  (2011). Gender differences in provider’s use of a standardized screening tool for prenatal use. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 5(1), 36-42.

Oser, C., Leukefeld, C., Staton Tindall, M., Garrity, T., Carlson, R., Falck, R., Wang, J., & Booth, B.  (2011).  Rural drug users: Factors associated with substance abuse treatment utilization. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 55(4), 567-586.

Health, Society, & Population Program

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