Carrie Oser

cboser0's picture
  • Professor of Sociology
  • Associate Department Chair
  • Associate Director, Center for Health Equity Transformation
  • Health, Society and Populations
  • Sociology
1531 Patterson Office Tower
859-257-6890, 859-323-3792
  • Other Affiliations:
Research Interests:

Ph.D., University of Georgia


Carrie Oser, Ph.D., is Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of Sociology at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Oser is the Associate Director of the Center for Health Equity Transformation (CHET, and a faculty affiliate of the Center on Drug & Alcohol Research (CDAR, Her research interests include addiction health services, health disparities/equity, HIV risk behaviors/interventions, social networks, implementation science, as well as substance use among rural, African American, and/or criminal justice populations. In 2015, Dr. Oser received the Senior Scholar Award from the American Sociological Association's Alcohol, Drugs, & Tobacco section, 


Dr. Oser has been continuously funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) since joining the Sociology Department in 2006.  As Principal Investigator, her recent projects include a K02 mid-career development award exploring social networks and prevention interventions for marginalized populations (K02DA35116) and an R03 examining the social network correlates of the opioid treatment continuum of care for rural persons after release from prison (R03DA043377).  She is the site PI on a multisite longitudinal cohort study examing parolees knowlege, initation, and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) (R01MD013573, PI: Brinkley-Rubinstein). She is a Co-Investigator on the JJ-TRIALS ( research collaborative in which seven research centers are developing and testing implementation strategies  to improve the continuum of substance abuse and HIV prevention and treatment services delivered to youth under juvenile justice supervision (U01DA036158, PI: Leukefeld). Dr. Oser is also a Co-Investigator on WISH, an R01 study, is examining the effectiveness of motivational interviewing in reducing HIV risk behaviors among rural women in jail (R01DA033836, PI: Staton). She is a Co-Investigator on a recently awarded R01 project to analyze patterns of doctor shopping for prescription opioids using two-mode (i.e., affiliation) social network analyses with a large health claims database (R01DA039928, PI: Perry) and a UG3 project using community/academic partnerships to build effective, evidence-based, community-grounded public health responses to combat the opioid epidemic (UG3DA044798, MPIs: Young & Cooper).  As a Co-Investigator on the recently awarded HEALing Communities research cooperative in Kentucky (UM1DA049406, PI: Walsh), Dr. Oser will co-lead the criminal justice studies and health communiction team. The goal of the HEALing Communities grant is deploy an integrated set of evidence-based practices in 16 highly affected counties to reduce opoid overdose deaths by 40% ( Dr. Carrie Oser has published over 100 articles in books and peer-reviewed journals such as Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Crime and Delinquency, American Journal of Public Health, and AIDS Care

Teaching & Mentoring

Dr. Oser teaches a variety of criminology courses at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.  She co-developed a course based on the Inside-Out Prison Exchange Program pedagogy (  This course brings together 16 UK undergraduate students (i.e., “outside students) with 16 persons who are incarcerated (i.e., “inside students”) to study as peers in a college class behind prison walls. The goal of this course is to examine the use and abuse of alcohol and drugs through the lens of sociological analysis with a specific focus on policy and treatment. In addition, she has served as a mentor to numerous graduate students, post-doctoral candidates, and junior faculty members, several of which have been supported on NIH fellowships. Dr. Oser was the receipent of the Outsanding Graduate Student Mentoring Award from the College of Arts & Sciences in 2016, the Mentor Recognition Award from the CCTS in 2015, and the Women in Science & Medicine Mentorship Award in 2018. 

Selected Publications: 

Perry, B., *Cheng Yang, K., *Kaminski, P., Odabas, M., Park, J., Martel, M., Oser, C., Freeman, P., Ahn, Y., & Talbert, J. (2019).  Co-prescription network reveals social dynamics of opioid doctor prescribing. Plus One, 1-16.  http://doi.10.1371/journal/pone/022389. PMID:31652266.


Oser, C., Harp, K. Pullen, E., *Bunting, A., Stevens-Watkins, D., & Staton, M.  (2018). African American women’s tobacco and marijuana use: The effects of social context, substance use beliefs, and risk perceptions.  Substance Use & Misuse, 54(6), 873-884. NIHMSID994639.


Oser, C., Pullen, E., Stevens-Watkins, D., Perry, B., Staton-Tindall, M., Havens, J., & Leukefeld, C.  (2017).  African American women and sexually transmitted infections: The perception of the contextual influence of unbalanced sex ratios and individual risk behaviors.  Journal of Drug Issues, 47(4), 54-561.


Oser, C., Bunting, A., Pullen, E., & Stevens-Watkins, D.  (2016).  African American female offender’s use of alternative and traditional health services after re-entry: Examining the behavioral model for vulnerable populations. Journal of Healthcare for the Poor and Underserved, 27, 120-148. PMC4855295. 


Oser, C., & Harp, K.L.H.  (2015). Treatment outcomes for prescription drug misusers: The negative effect of client residence and treatment location geographic discordance. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 48(1), 1-18. PMID25200740.


Belenko, S., Dembo, R., Copenhaver, M., Hiller, M., Swan, H., Albizu-Garcia, C., O’Connell, D., Oser, C., Pearson, F., & Pankow, J. (2016).  HIV stigma in prisons and jails: Results from a staff survey. AIDS and Behavior, 20(1), 71-84.  PMID 26036464.


Luke, D., & Oser, C. (2015). Ebony and Ivory?: Interracial dating intentions and behaviors of African American women.  Social Science Research, 53, 338-350. PMC4509521.


Staton-Tindall, M., Harp, K.L.H., Minieri, A., Oser, C.B., Webster, J.M., Havens, J.R., & Leukefeld, C.G.  (2015). An exploratory study of mental health and HIV risk behavior among drug-using rural women in jail.  Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 38(1), 45-54. PMID25799305.


Pullen, E., & Oser, C. (2014).  Barriers to substance abuse treatment in rural and urban communities: A counselor perspectives. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(7), 891-901. PMC3995852.


Knudsen, H., Staton-Tindall, M., Oser, C., Havens, J., & Leukefeld, C.  (2014). Reducing risky relationships: A multi-site trial of a prison-based intervention for reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among women with a history of drug use. AIDS Care, 26(9), 1071-1079. PMC4065193.


Pullen, E., Perry, B., & Oser, C. (2014).  African American women's preventative care usage: The role of social support and racial experiences and attitudes.  Sociology of Health and Illness, 36(7), 1037-1053.  PMC4146693.


Oser, C., Pullen, E., Biebel, E., & Harp, K.  (2013).  Causes, consequences, and prevention of burnout among substance abuse treatment counselors: A rural versus urban comparison. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 45(1), 17-27. PMC3652635.


Havens, J., Lofwall, M., Frost, S., Oser, C., Crosby, R., & Leukefeld, C.  (2013).  Factors associated with prevalent Hepatitis C infection among rural Appalachian injection drug users.  American Journal of Public Health, 103(1), 44-52. PMC3518360.


Jonas, A., Young, A., Oser, C., Leukefeld, C., & Havens, J (2012).  OxyContin® as currency: OxyContin® use and increased social capital among rural Appalachian drug users.  Social Science & Medicine, 74(10), 1602-1609.  PMC3331592.


Stevens-Watkins, D., Perry, B., Harp, K., & Oser, C.  (2012). Racism and illicit drug use among African American women: The protective effects of ethnic identity, affirmation, and behavior.  Journal of Black Psychology, 38(4), 471-496. PMC3904443.


Oser, C., Harp, K., O’Connell, D., Martin, S., & Leukefeld, C.  (2012).  Correlates of participation in self-help groups as well as voluntary and mandated substance abuse treatment among rural and urban probationers.  Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 42(1), 95-101. PMC3218255.


Havens, J., Oser, C., Knudsen, H., Lofwall, M., Stoops, W., Walsh, S., Leukefeld, C., & Kral, A. (2011).  Individual and network factors associated with non-fatal overdose among rural Appalachian drug users.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 115(1-2), 107-112. PMC3056907.


Oser, C., Leukefeld, C., Staton-Tindall, M., *Duvall, J., Garrity, T., Stoops, W., Falck, R., Wang, J., Carlson, R., Sexton, R., Wright, P., & Booth, B.  (2011).  Criminality among rural stimulant users in the United States.  Crime and Delinquency, 57(4), 600-621. PMC3115620. 


PubMed Publications*: 
* Publications are automatically pulled from based on a user-specific query. Results may include incorrect citations. See: Tutorial on improving PubMed results.
Health, Society, & Population Program

For additional information on the Health, Society, and Population (HSP) Program, please see


Enter your linkblue username.
Enter your linkblue password.
Secure Login

This login is SSL protected